16 years ago
The norwegian F-104G 637 two seat starfighter are
under resturation to operational status!
And i like the spits too. And the good old sabre
Always woundered what whould happened if Rolls-Royce had developed the
utterly INSANE crecy engine, and shoehorned it into a spit!
The Rolls-Royce Crecy was a 2-stroke 90 degree V12 liquid cooled aero engine
of 26.1 litres capacity, featuring sleeve valves and direct petrol
injection. Single cylinder development began in 1937 under project engineer
Harry Wood. It was designed by Sir Harry Ricardo. The first complete engine
was built in 1941 and produced 1400 hp. There were problems with vibration
and the cooling of the pistons and sleeves. The firing angle was 30 degrees
and 15lb supercharger boost was typical. Bore was 5.1" stoke 6.5"
compression ratio 7:1 and weight 820 kg. The thrust produced by the 2-stroke
exhaust was estimated as being equivalent to 30% of the power of the engine,
and was exceptionally loud.
Unlike most 2-stroke engines, supercharging or turbocharging was used rather
than crankcase compression to force the charge into the cylinder. Stratified
charge was used where the fuel was injected into a bulb like extension of
the combustion chamber where the twin spark plugs ignited the rich mixture.
Operable air/fuel ratios of from 15 to 23 were available to govern the power
produced between maximum and 60%. The lean mixtures reduced detonation
allowing higher compression ratios or supercharger boost. Supercharger
throttling was used as well to achieve idling. The supercharger throttles
were novel vortex types, varying the effective angle of attack of the
impeller blades from 60 degrees to 30. This reduced the power required to
drive the supercharger when throttled and hence fuel consumption at cruising
The sleeve valves were open ended rather than sealing in a junk head. They
had a stroke of 30% of the piston and were 15 degrees in advance.
It was named after the Battle of Crécy, battles being the chosen theme for
Rolls Royce 2-stroke aero engines. There were however no subsequent Rolls
Royce engines of this type, and rivers were used for jet engine names.
Sir Henry Tizard was a proponent of the engine as Chairman of the
Aeronautical Research Council. The power of the engine being interesting in
its own right, but also the exhaust thrust at high speed and altitude making
it a useful stop gap between engines such as the Rolls-Royce Merlin and
anticipated jet engines.
Only six complete examples were built when the research was terminated in
December 1945. An additional eight vee twins were built. Serial numbers were
even, Rolls-Royce practice being to have even numbers for clock-wise
rotating engines when viewed from the front. Crecy number 10 achived 2500 hp
on 21 December 1944. Subsequently single cylinder tests achieved the
equivalent of 5000 bhp ( holy shi**! ) for the complete engine.