Microstepping means to use several of the coils to move the motor by
less than "1 step", a step being a position where the motor will 'stay'
when the power is removed.
If you microstep it 1 step, it will get pulled back to the starting
position because the motor will always go to a 'step' when the power is
Is it possible the motor is only getting power during the pulse?
On 21 Feb 2006 14:27:14 -0800, email@example.com wrote:
I presume you are using a small microstep size. The magnetic pole at
the full step position you started from pulls the rotor back to that
full step position because there is not enough energy in the coils to
overcome the strong magnetic attraction at full step positions.
Microstepping at small resolutions is not a guarantee that the motor
will move a full "microstep" for each pulse issued by the controller.
Microstepping mearly provides smooth motion. You may need to issue a
few pulses before the rotor actually moves off a pole position.
Between the poles, you are more likely to see a single pulse result in
rotor movement because the energy from the pole magnets is equalized
and the stator currents are stronger. (Sine Cosine relationship is
about equal). Use larger microsteps if you want to guarantee rotor
position without an encoder. You will need to experiment on your
system to find the smallest step that will "hold" position. It may be
only in the order of 1/16 or 1/8. To hold position you need a closed
loop controller with encoder feedback. Using an encoder will also show
you how much the shaft actually moves for 1 microstep. For lower
resolutions, the step size will vary depending on how far you are from
Hope this helps.
(If you really need to position very precisely and in fine increments,
you will need to use a servo or a high mechanical ratio, which will
severely cut down on your top speed.)
Thanks a lot for the detailed reply.. my application is actually
microstepping a stepper to 128 micro steps and then converting it into
linear motion, in the order of microns. The prob i actually experienced
was : while using a stepper of 0.65 peak current and 5V dc, 1.8 degree
step angle, i could feel a jerk when pulsed for one microstep. But when
i went in for a motor of .16 peak current and 5V same 1.8 step angle,
there was an oscillation as i mentioned in my earlier query.
stepper to 128 steps or may be not above 16 microsteps ????? As my
entire application revolves around this microstepping by a very small
angle, its of great concern. so please help me if possible.
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