Why are you silver soldering clock parts? (Non adjustable assemblies are drive fitted or riveted; even soft solder is only used on cheaper French clocks. I have never seen silver soldered parts unless used to repair a broken original part.). Silver solder heat (1100 degrees min) takes the hardness out of the brass and steel which cannot be then be rehardened without the solder joint moving. And since brass must be work hardened, you cannot reharden it without changing the shape/dimensions anyway. Over time soft brass gets charged with abrasives and acts as a lap, the soft steel wears and will not yield a high polish.
As for the soldering, you may be using too much heat, your soldering block may be contaminated, or you may not have adequately cleaned your parts. If you have everything cleaned, you should need very little flux at the joint and even less solder. There should be no need for thermal paste or antiflux.
When I silver solder I use a very small flame from a jeweler's torch and "sneak up" on heating up the parts. The instant the solder flows I back off. I use propane/oxygen which I believe produces a cooler flame then Mapp. I have used this torch to fuse brass to steel in making a balance wheel so I know it is more than adequate heat for any job in clockmaking. I wonder if the Mapp torch is simply too much?