ARM: Review - Trumpeter 1/35 scale Soviet T-64 Mod 1972 Tank

Kit Review: Trumpeter 1/35 scale Kit No. 01578; Soviet T-64 Mod 1972; 566 p
arts (486 in grey styrene, 61 etched brass, 11 grey vinyl, 7 clear styrene,
1 turned aluminum gun barrel); retail price about US$63.95
Advantages: superior kit of this seminal main battle tank; nicely done sele
ction of features provides flexibility for making specific production year
models
Disadvantages: plethora of parts for other versions requires attentive read
ing of the directions and good references
Rating: Highly Recommended
Recommendation: for all modern Soviet and Ukranian armor fans
Back in 1998, when I reviewed the then-new SKIF T-64A (No. 202) kit, I wro
te the following: Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Morozov was a driven man, and on
e of the things which drove him was that he was not the man who created the
T-34 ? the most beloved and respected tank of the Soviet Army. He had es
sentially led to its perfection, and used the concepts which went into the
T-34 to create the postwar T-54, but he was still personally bitter that he
was not the ?father of the ?34". As a result, he spent the last ten ye
ars of his career as a Soviet tank design bureau chief in developing a comp
letely revolutionary tank to replace it in the hearts and minds of the Sovi
et Army.
The result of this work first emerged in 1962 as Object 430, which was a c
ompletely new concept in Russian tank thinking. It had a three man crew, a
long-barreled 100mm gun with an autoloader, a flat opposed piston five-cyli
nder engine, and weighed less than 36 tons while providing better overall p
rotection than any tank of 50 tons of the period could. But it was prone to
problems, and the use of a 100mm gun ? no matter how powerful ? was ve
toed when Marshal Chuikov selected the 115mm U-5TS for the T-62. The redesi
gned tank appeared in 1967 as the Object 432, which had vastly improved com
ponents. This tank was accepted for service as the T-64.
But the T-64 was not perfect, and so more redesign and modification took p
lace. The tank received the 125mm D-81 tank gun, IR sights and searchlights
, stereoscopic range finder, a remote control 12.7mm NVT antiaircraft machi
ne gun, an improved engine, and a novel ?flipper? armored shield which
provided protection to the front 60 degree arc of the tank from ATGMs and H
EAT rounds but added a minimal weight penalty ? only one metric ton for a
ll of the changes. This tank was accepted for service in 1969 as Object 434
or the T-64A. Later, after several improvements along the product line, to
include skirts, smoke grenade launchers, and more external stowage, the we
ight increased to 38 metric tons. Finally, a redesigned version of the tank
appeared in 1976 with a laser range finder and the 9K112-1 Kobra through-t
he-bore ATGM (AT-8 SONGSTER). Early T-64s were also rebuilt to T-64A standa
rds as the T-64R in the same time frame. In 1985, the T-64B added reactive
armor, becoming for a short period of time the most formidable tank in the
world. But by 1991 the tank was obsolete, the production lines were long sh
ut down, and the Russians began to scrap them as fast as possible.
This tank ? which was initially known from fuzzy, windswept photos as th
e Soviet Main Battle Tank Model 1967 and often confused with the early T-72
? is one of the most innovate tanks of modern times. It is the ?sports
car? of modern tanks, as it provided the same level of protection as eith
er the M60A1 or Chieftain on a chassis weighing no more than 38 tons in its
early variant. Troubled by an engine which had years of teething troubles,
it was never very popular with Soviet troops. The early model autoloaders
also had a serious problem with ?eating? stray arms or uniform componen
ts. But Morozov did create a tank design which has directed Soviet and Russ
ian tank design thought to this day ? 40 years after he conceived the ori
ginal concept.
For 14 years, those of us who are fans of the T-64 have pretty much had to
spend a lot of time and effort upgrading the old SKIF kit; it basically wa
sn?t too bad, but suffered from ?soft? details and probably the worst
set of tracks with any model kit extant (the SKIF T-80 was the only second
worse). Now Trumpeter has released the first in a series of new kits, and
they are excellent.
There is only one problem with this kit: it is NOT a T-64, but a T-64A. I
have one of the best references on T-64s around, ?Osnovnoy Boyevoy Tank T
-64" (T-64 Main Battle Tank) by M. Sayenko and V. Chobitok, and it is very
good about showing the various models of the T-64 tank as it developed. Thi
s kit comes with a 2A26 gun, not a 2A21; the difference is that the former
is a 125mm weapon and the latter a 115mm, which have different relationship
s with the bore evacuator and the barrel length. The plastic barrel in this
kit is 1mm too long right behind the muzzle cap, and the muzzle caps are e
ach 1mm too long, but it is clearly the 2A26 and a T-64A.
Once past that, the rest is a sea change over the old SKIF T-64A kit. It d
oes provide sufficient options to build one of two different batches: T-64A
Model 1969 or T-64A model 1972. The Model 1969 possesses a scraper blade,
commander?s searchlight, the snorkel fitting and the crew bins plus the f
our ?ladder? bars on the glacis; it lacks the AAMG mount and has other
fitting differences on the turret. The Model 1972 adds the NVST commander
?s AA MG mounting. The kit?s directions only cover the option on the AA
MG, so the rest is up to the modeler but can be made with only minor rewor
king of the kit.
The kit has a relatively large amount of photo-etch and uses them judiciou
sly in a number of places, such as the scraper blades and grease access por
ts for the idler mounts, as well as the railway car clamps (B27/PE-A7).
Some modelers have asked, given the fact that Trumpeter tipped their hand
by releasing a set of single link tracks for the T-64 family, if they come
in the kit; the answer is no. The kit comes with a nice set of ?link and
length? tracks instead, which are actually easier unless you want to show
one of the handful of destroyed T-64s from Moldova. Note that due to the f
act Trumpeter is riding the molds for multiple kits the directions call out
when and where some holes need to be opened in various parts like the hull
roof.
A sprue of grey vinyl is included, and from what can be determined Trumpet
er seems to indicate it is ?glueable? like DML?s DS Plastic. I would
test it first, but it provides a nice option: two canvas covered mantlets,
one at 0 degrees and one at 5 degrees elevation to give the model some ?p
ersonality?. Also the baffles for the engine air intake vents are made fr
om this material. (Note that the T-64 family used ?extraction? cooling
whereby the exhaust draws air out of the engine bay and therefore cooling a
ir in through the upper intake grill; no fans are used in this system.)
The early T-64s had extra fuel tanks on the left side and stowage (?ZIP
?) bins on the right, and the kit provides for the differences. Take care
as they also provide the late model fender bins as well in the kit.
The unditching log (part J8, more vinyl) is attached as the prototype, nam
ely etched brass straps are wrapped around it and then ACCed in place on th
e mounts. This may prove tricky so take care with this step.
In Step 9, ?Estate One? is the Model 1972 arrangement and ?Estate Tw
o? is the Model 1969 as noted above.
There is no interior anywhere inside the vehicle so if you plan on opening
the hatches you will need figures or a lot of work to fill the void.
Finishing directions only show the tank in dark green with white bort numb
ers, which is correct for these tanks as issued. The green did weather out
to a much lighter shade, based on the 3rd Shock Army tanks I observed up cl
ose in 1981 from the British Berlin Duty Train, so anything in between 4BO
green and FS34102 is fine for a start. Five different sets of bort numbers
are provided as well as a ?number jungle? and Soviet ?Guards? badge
s.
Overall this is an excellent kit and one that shows more effort to ?get
it right? than the previous T-62 kits from Trumpeter. They are to be cong
ratulated on their achievement.
Cookie Sewell
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AMPSOne
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