A civil engineering prof of TU Aachen Germany wrote "Baustoffe für tragende Bauteile", 4 books, cornerstone of civil engineering in Germany. As far as i know it has been translated into English as well. Dunno if it is still availble tho. Data for the German version: You might be interested in the first two books of that series: Book 1, "Grundlagen" ("basics"), ISBN: 3528017090 Book 2, "Beton, Mauerwerk(Nichtmetallisch-anorganische Stoffe)" ("Concrete, masonry (nonmetallic-inorganic materials)" ISBN: 3528017082
this should pretty much answer all yer questions.