Mini Lathe Chuck Adapter Back Plate 7x Spindle Flange Adapt 4-Jaw

I wanted to fit a 4-jaw chuck to the 7x12 mini lathe to provide more
versatility to the machine.
The mini lathe has a spindle flange for chuck mounting with a register
shoulder and 6 mounting holes (1 hole is shared as a mounting hole for both
the 3-jaw and 4-jaw chucks).
In looking around at various vendors to see what kind of quality and prices
were available, I decided to watch eBag for a while to see what might come
Since an adapter plate would be required, I looked for some disks cut to
size which would be suitable for fabricating an adapter, and found some 6061
disks 3/8" x 4" diameter.
After receiving a used Dunlap 4" 4-jaw chuck, I was able to determine what
fasteners to use and the appropriate layout dimensions for machining the
adapter plate.
Drilled and tapped 4 thru holes to match the lathe's spindle flange holes.
Mounted the plate to the flange with 4 studs and nuts and skimmed the face
of the plate.
Cut out the recess for the spindle flange register.
Remounted the plate facing the normal way with the studs and nuts.
Skim the face of the disk and true the circumference.
Mark the spindle flange and adapter plate edges at the one hole that's
common to the 4-jaw and 3-jaw chuck, so the chucks can be mounted in the
same positions repeatedly.
Cut the plate register to match the existing recess on the back of the 4-jaw
Drill and bore a 7/8" center hole in the back plate for long workpieces to
pass thru.
Drill and tap the 4 chuck mounting screw holes.
Clean the plate and 4 mounting studs, then blue Loctite the studs and chuck
mounting screws in place.
Handy tips for hole layouts:
For 4 holes in a bolt circle, multiply the bolt circle diameter by .707 to
get the center distance spacing of the holes.
For finding/checking the centers of 2 holes (or pins) add the inside spacing
distance to the outside distance and divide by 2.
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Or -- if you have a digital caliper, and the two holes are the same size, measure the ID of one hole using the "horns" of the caliper and zero it at that setting, and then measure between the far sides of the two holes and read the center spacing directly.
Enjoy, DoN.
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DoN. Nichols
Yep, and for marking gaskets or other applications, transfer screws will mark material with the hole centers.
Sets of transfer screws/hole spotters could easily be made from hex head screws or other hardware/stock.
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Usually it's much easier to simply place the gasketing material against your metal surface and then lightly tap around the ID of the hole(s) with a ball peen hammer...
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Yes -- but for some gasket marking -- cork or cardboard, the best way that I know is to place the material over the flange to be fit, and place a hardened steel ball (from a large ball bearing) over the hole. (Pick one at least twice the diameter of the hole.) Then strike it with a hammer, which punches a neat hole. Drop in a bolt to hold the location, and do the same with another hole (say diagonally opposite). Keep adding bolts to keep it aligned until you have all made and anchored. Then use the rounded end of a ball-pein hammer to trace the inside of the irregular holes and outside of the flange.
Enjoy, DoN.
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DoN. Nichols

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