Is there a general rule(s) that describe the stiffness of a round tubing to
the stiffness of a solid rod? For instance: is 1" dia. round rod stiffer than 1
" dia. x .125" wall tubing? How much larger dia. tubing equals a solid rod of a
Is tubing inherently stiffer because it has 2 surfaces (inside and outside)
that oppose each other? Thanks.
When you bend something the outer part of the curve is in tension, the
inner part in compression. There's a plane through roughly the center
called the neutral axis that is neither stretched nor compressed. The
stretching or compressing of any individual tiny part ("fiber") is
proportional to its distance from the neutral axis, so the inner and
outer sufaces, where deformation and thus resistance to it is
greatest, contribute the most to stiffness.
Tubing isn't stiffer than solid rod, but the extra metal inside the
rod adds more weight without contributing proportionally as much to
the stiffness since it's closer to the neutral axis, so a horizontal
solid rod sags more from gravity under its own greater weight. However
it supports an added external bending load better.
I haven't yet found an intuitive explanation of Beam Deflection and
the derivation of its formulas on the Net. I learned (and forgot) it
in college Physics class. Look for a used "Statics" textbook. I use
Harry Parker's steel and timber books because Den Hartog's, though
excellent, are difficult to wade through without a live instructor.
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