9 years ago
2; IJNavy Type 2 (Ka-Mi) Amphibious Tank w/Floating Pontoon Late Production
- Smart Kit; 367 parts (320 in grey styrene, 31 etched brass, 13 clear sty
rene, 2 DS plastic track runs, 1 length of copper wire); pre-order price US
$62.95 via Dragon USA Online
Advantages: adds the flotation pontoon to the excellent kit; pre-molded ope
n hatches makes installation of a full interior a snap; wise inclusion of D
S Plastic track avoids frustration with itty-bitty single links; nearly ide
ntical to more expensive cyber-hobby.com kit
Disadvantages: nothing major noted
Rating: Highly Recommended
Recommendation: for all Pacific War modelers and diorama fans
As I noted when the first (non-amphibious) version of this kit was release
d, amphibious tanks per se are a contradiction in terms, for as the old far
mer in the joke knows, ?cast iron sinks? and so does steel. Items which
were created to stop bullets, shell splinters and projectiles from penetra
ting them also did not need to be 100% watertight to do that job well.
During the 1930s only two nations gave serious thought to amphibious light
tanks for scouting purposes: the USSR and Japan. The former did it as an a
nalysis of the terrain of the country said they would encounter a water obs
tacle which could not easily be forded every 10 kilometers and a river ever
y 50. The latter did it for, as an island nation, they knew they would need
to move from island to island if they wanted to defend their empire or exp
In order to have true sea-keeping qualities, the vehicle must have a suffi
cient buoyancy reserve or it will quickly be swamped even in a mild sea sta
te (think of the DD tanks at D-Day). The Japanese approach was to make a la
rger, roomier hull but add large and bulky pontoons at the bow and stern. E
ssentially the Type 2 was a seagoing derivative of the land-locked Type 95
Ha-Go but with more than enough sea-going buoyancy. The Type 2 Ka-Mi (a 194
2 design) was the most prolific amphibious tank with about 185 of them bein
g built during the war. It did mount a 37mm cannon and two 7.7mm machine gu
ns, one of which could only be used when the bow pontoon was dropped. The v
ehicle weighed 13 tons with the pontoons mounted, and 10 when they were dro
pped. It was followed by the much larger and heavier Type 3 ?Ka-Chi? an
d Type 5 ?To-Ku? amphibious tanks with 47mm guns, but neither one of th
em was much of an improvement.
Using mechanical components from the land-based Type 95, the Type 2 used a
new hull design with pontoons held in place with ?claw? type clamps th
at could be jettisoned from inside the tank when the vehicle no longer need
ed them. Divided into separate compartments, the pontoons gave excellent bu
oyancy at sea and proved to be effective. But like all amphibious tanks des
igned to be amphibious first, it was thinly armored and quite vulnerable to
mines. Few actions were carried out by Type 2 tanks with their amphibious
qualities put to the test, and most were forced to fight on land which was
not their strong suit. As a result, they were encountered by US forces star
ting in 1943 but quickly eliminated. One example captured by the Soviets (w
ith its pontoons!) exists today in the Kubinka Museum in Russia and several
others are still found where knocked out on Pacific islands.
This kit is noted as a ?late production?model but from what I can tell
is essentially the cyber-hobby.com version of the kit with a few minor twe
aks and using different parts previously molded on the sprues. It has a tot
al of 110 more parts than the non-amphibious version and shaves US$12 off t
he price of that kit.
The kit builds on the DML release, which came with a minimal interior but
all hatches separate for posing positions. Some interior is included, such
as the three-piece ?claw? connectors and handwheels, what appear to be
two either fuel or ballast tanks, and the machine guns and the 37mm gun wit
h mounting. The new variant concentrates mostly on the exterior of the vehi
cle with all of the ?Rube Goldberg? (or ?Heath Robinson?) gizmos an
d devices needed to hold the entire assembly together.
Assembly mirrors the earlier kit through step 7. Initial assembly begins w
ith making sub-assemblies of the wheel bogies, idlers, clamps, muffler, mai
n engine hatches, and interior tanks. These are installed in Steps 2 and 3,
which also cover the assembly of the upper glacis and bow machine gun. Ste
p 4 covers the assembly of the engine deck (which is cemented in place as t
he kit comes with no engine!) and upper hull details. Step 6 covers cementi
ng the upper and lower hulls together and initial assembly of the 37mm gun.
The gun is a typically over-engineered Japanese weapon of the time and the
kit requires 15 parts for it and its coaxial machine gun to form a single
unit. As this gun is only about 50mm long on the kit, that?s a lot of par
ts for a very small gun.
Step 7 is when you begin to work on the pontoons. This kit offers three di
fferent ways to assemble them: Leyte Ormoc style, Kuril Island style, or on
e captured by the US. These are complex affairs and the mold makers have at
tempted to get it right, but there is a seam between the left and right hal
ves of the bow pontoon (parts L1 and L2). The directions are very confusing
here, as the attachment devices (either parts M8/M9 or B19) are for ?dis
connecting?. One is the open claw (B-19) and M8/9 are closed ones, so app
arently you use M8/9 when the pontoons are mounted and B19 if they are not.
You also mount the engine radiator intake trunk (parts J12-14-18/19) in th
Steps 8-11 cover the turret and its details, which are many and pretty clu
nky in design (not DML?s fault ? speak to the original managers on that
one...) The turret comes with a ring and drive as well as optional choices
for the viewers and periscopes. Also a choice of what appears to be an AAM
G mount on the rear of the turret is offered. However, in step 13 you also
install the conning tower which consists of four parts plus six clear styre
ne view blocks. It also requires the copper wire be installed to the rudder
control and rudder yoke at this time.
Lastly are the tracks but as they are DS plastic and identical not a probl
em in sorting. As with most tracks, DML shows them being installed ?V?
shape down when looking at them head on. While DS tracks tend to ?run lar
ge? as most Japanese light tanks are usually seen with loose fitting trac
k this may not be a problem, moreso if used in a diorama and ?burned out
Technical work is credited to Hirohisa Takada with drawings by Shin Okada.
Four marking options are provided, with all vehicles shown in an IJN olive
green; it must be noted that the proper suggested color matches are NOWHER
E to be found in the directions!
The choices are: vehicles 651/652, Ormoc, Leyte 1944 (white numbers, Japane
se battle flags); vehicle 501, Kuril Islands, 1944 (white numbers); vehicle
179, Unidentified Unit, 1944 (white numbers); Unidentified Unit, 1945 (Jap
anese battle flags only). Decals are a targeted set from Cartograph.
Overall while I profess I cannot find any major differences from the earli
er cyber-hobby.com kit this is a wide release at a lower price, which shoul
d be appreciated.
Thanks to Freddie Leung for the review sample.