ARM - Review - Trumpeter 1/35 scale BM-21 MRL

Kit Review: Trumpeter 1/35 scale Kit No. 01013; Russian BM-21 Grad Multiple
Rocket Launcher; 540 parts (475 in grey styrene, 37 etched brass, 21 clear
styrene, 7 black vinyl tires);
price US$65.00
Advantages: best kit of this vehicle and system yet; beautifully detailed r
ocket packs and rocket end sections; complete drive train
Disadvantages: myriad of very small parts
Rating: Highly Recommended
Recommendation: for all Soviet and Third World artillery and rocket fans
Back in the late 1930s the Soviets developed modern rocket artillery, whic
h they sprang on the Germans in 1941 under the covername of ?Guards Morta
r Units?. The first rockets, the RS-82, soon gave way to the larger 132mm
RS-132 which served for the entire war and into the postwar era.
By the late 1950s the rockets were becoming quite elderly and a new and mo
re powerful, longer ranged weapon was required. The result was the developm
ent of the M-21 system by NII-147, better known today as ?Splav? in Tul
a. Production began in the early 1960s but until 1969 this was a ?secret
? weapon and not deployed outside of the central USSR.
In March of that year the Chinese occupied Daman Island in the Ussuri Rive
r and refused to leave. It soon built to a flash point after border guards
were unable to drive off the Chinese, and even after the first combat deplo
yment of another ?secret? weapon ? the T-62 tank ? all that happene
d was one T-62 sunk in the river and about 30 casualties.
The Soviets sent in the 135th MRD to solve the problem, but the Chinese be
gan to deploy artillery and infantry units to resist the efforts to take it
back. Based on reconnaissance data, the Soviet commander thought he had lo
cated the Chinese artillery group, so he brought up his secret weapon to su
ppress them ? a battalion of 12 BM-21 ?Grad? rocket launchers. Just b
efore dawn the battalion fired a complete salvo ? 480 122mm rockets ? i
nto what they thought was the artillery group. It turned out to be the cant
onment area of two Chinese infantry regiments, and based on source they cau
sed between 4,000 and 9,000 casualties with 1,200 killed. The Chinese withd
rew the next day.
The BM-21 ?Grad? (Hail in English, but that is the name of the rocket,
not the launcher) has been in constant service now for more than 40 years
and is still going strong, with a new launcher called the ?Tornado-G? s
oon to enter full service with longer ranged rocket with course correction.
The original is still pretty fearsome, as it can fire 40 rockets up to 20
kilometers in only 19 ½ seconds. It has evolved over the years from Ural-
375 gasoline powered trucks to Ural-375D diesels to Ural-4320 trucks, and t
he rockets in Russia were also mounted on GAZ-66 airborne trucks (BM-21V) a
nd a 30-round launcher on the ZIL-131 (BM-21-1 ?Grad-1"). A 50-round vers
ion called ?Prima? was apparently cancelled soon after it was accepted
for service.
There have been several attempts made to kit a model of the BM-21, startin
g in resin with several tries, but in 1998 the only other styrene kit was r
eleased by Omega-K (later ICM). This kit had 252 parts (233 in light olive
styrene, 12 in clear styrene and 7 black vinyl) and while rough did built i
nto a pretty decent model of the BM-21. But it was marred by a lot of eject
ion pin marks, soft details, problematic vinyl tires (they don?t quite me
lt, but if you are careful you can stick a finished model to your ceiling!)
and a less than impressive standard of fit.
Trumpeter has now come out with this stunning new kit that literally doubl
es down on the number of parts and details captured. The parts are far cris
per and the tires even come molded without a very large center line to remo
ve (it?s there but very hard to see). The engine and transmission togethe
r comprise more than 40 parts and the chassis is quite detailed.
The only thing I noted was missing from checking the kit with photos I had
on hand of a BM-21 was the curious duplicated Pittman arm and rod on the r
ight side of the chassis. I don?t think this was connected to the steerin
g but appears to be some sort of buffer or booster for steering. Oddly enou
gh Omega-K got it right on their kit.
The kit is packed in standard Trumpeter fashion with expanded foam padding
around the doors and the spare tire rack/mount. As the kit shares parts wi
th a Ural-4320 cargo variant, it explains the break in the sprue layout.
Assembly starts with the chassis and engine and covers the first 10 steps
of the directions. The only dicey part is the fact that the two bumperettes
for the rear of the chassis are photo-etched brass and must be bent to sha
pe, and as it is a very irregular shape will cause problems for some modele
rs. It?s a bit of a shame that Trumpeter didn?t give the modeler an opt
ion for styrene here.
The suspension on this kit is rock solid (the Omega-K kit is a ?working
type? so flexes all over the place) so the details are better and assembl
y is surer.
The cab is nicely detailed and includes a decal for the dashboard instrume
nts. The firing controls are provided (the rockets are fired with the crew
in the cab and the pack approximately 45 degrees left or right) but the sel
ector panel is in the closed position (you can select from 1 to 40 rockets
to fire). While the doors are two parts (inner/outer) the windows are fixed
so you cannot set them up or down without work. The curious two-part winds
hields are crisply done (this was the big bugaboo with the Omega-K kit as i
t made it nearly impossible to get the windows in the cab).
Assembly of the rocket pack and launcher starts with Step 20 and is more i
nvolved than one would think. That requires a different parts breakout than
the Omega-K one (eight parts consisting of four sets of 10 tubes). Here th
e central part of the pack is assembled first from four sets of eight tubes
, each of which has a loaded rocket base and igniter in place and also the
lock that holds the rocket in place in the tube. The other eight tubes are
in two sets of four, and this is so the right hand ones can properly show t
he groove for spinning the rockets which is visible on their outer side. Th
e pack also has nicely done blast guards at the rear and a complete sight a
nd mount.
Only one finishing option is given, which is a ?protective green? vehi
cle with ?Gvardiya? Guards badges on the doors. This is not wrong as ne
arly all BM-21s bore no markings but most of them did have a license plate
with registration number on the front and rear, and those are not provided.

Overall this is a beautiful kit but the eentsy parts like the tube locks m
ay bother some modelers; at least Trumpeter does provide extras in the kit!

Cookie Sewell
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