Then why do you need any help?
If the circuit provides negative feedback at DC and has insufficient
phase margin at some frequency, then slapping in an inverter will give
you positive feedback, with some _very_ peculiar results. If you're
using an XOR or other mixer for the phase detector then it'll invert
automatically, and you won't be changing the gain/phase relationship of
No, a few more than that: Passive, single ended filters. Active filters
using op-amps, inverting, non-inverting, and double to single-ended.
Closed-loop control systems using several different types of
microprocessors, DSPs and DSPs roped to FPGAs.
I haven't used pneumatics, mechanical amplifiers, magnetic amplifiers or
dynamotors yet, but you never know.
From what population of PLLs are you drawing this "most"? If you're
working with the current crop of PLL-based synthesizers-on-a-chip then
using an inverting filter means you have to reverse the sense of the VCO
command/frequency relationship, or you need to flip a bit in the phase
detector someplace. If you're using an XOR phase detector then the
point is moot, of course.
We would like to improve the
current design, if we could. But
it certainly already works. We
would like to omit some fast acquisition
1N4148 back-to-back diodes that we have
in parallel to the output resistor, as
they supposedly distort our audio modulation
at low freq. However, the lock-up time
is slower without them, so we'd like to
adjust the poles and zeros for faster
lock without them, without losing too much
Well, that was my orginal question,
do all phase detectors, whether XOR or
phase/freq, have the 180 degree phase shift
that you need. Apparently, yes.
They detect the phase difference. If the inputs are a(t) and b(t) then the
phase difference is:
a(t) - b(t)
The -ve sign in front of b(t) is where the 180 degrees comes from.
a(t) = reference
b(t) = vco
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