Hardness Vs Wear

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Most common simple correlation (with distinct errors possible) is the inverse correlation between wear rate (many different kinds of wear rates.... so beware...) and hardness (most of the differences between the many measures of hardness don't seem to be of first order importance).
If you blindly follow the hardness vs wear correlation, you will often be right, but occasionally quite wrong.
In short, there is more to wear (whatever that is) than hardness.
Experience still is valuable. So is being able to understand complex phenomena exist, no matter how easy it is to pretend they are simple, instead.
Jim
Reply to
jbuch
This is out of Sandy Stewart's work
Tool Wear Mechanisms Woodworking tool wear has four major components; abrasion, adhesion, diffusion and fatigue. These interact but some are more important than others depending on the material being cut.
Typically tool wear is though to be all abrasion or mostly abrasion. This is especially true in materials such as medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) which contain adhesives and silica. ?Rubbing', ?plowing' and ?cutting of the blade' are the most common types of abrasion.
Adhesion is the formation of ?welds' between the tool and the workpiece. This is considered more common in metal working but can be very significant in man made materials with binders.
Cobalt leaching is also called diffusion and is caused by the transference of atoms from the cobalt binder to new compounds formed with the wood acids and similar. Obviously as the binder fails the carbide grains fall out.
Fatigue is the east appreciated of the failure mechanisms but carbide tips can fatigue just as metal fatigues.
Reply to
Tom Walz
Agreed to all that. I have some material on this from a lecture course on tribology I give (well, gave, actually, since our academic committtee decided that having a course on nanotechnology was more important...) that might be useful.... see -
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Steve
Reply to
Steve Roberts
Hardness exists as a material property, relative to other materials. Generally speaking it is a bulk effect. Wear only exists when there is contact between two materials. Generally speaking it is a surface effect. To illustrate, a machine tool is harder than the material it cuts. However despite this it wears.
Wear is related to the _relative_ hardness of two materials, all "other things" being equal. Then the harder material will wear less than the softer. Those "other things" include: presence of lubrication, surface roughness, Young's modulus, brittleness of material, loads experienced (changing or otherwise), structure of the materials under consideration, electrical properties like magnetism, chemical properties like mutual corrosion or reactivity, the environment, and the presence of Yuri Geller.
Regards JNW
Av> Dear All,
Reply to
Jeremy Williams

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