no, that is not true. A DC motor can have greater starting torque,
but it is not "more powerful" - DC horses are not bigger than AC
horses. One HP is 3300 ft-lbs/sec no matter whether it's from a
turbine, or a horse, or an electrical motor (and few horses can
deliver one HP for long)
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Bill probably meant to say, "1 HP is 33,000 ft-lb minutes, same as 550 ft-lb
seconds and an electrical HP is 746 watts". Looking at HP in more personal
terms; if a man weighed 225 lbs and he ran up steps of 12 inch tread at the
rate of 2 treads per second, he'd be working at the rate of one HP.
Essentially, he'd be lifting 225 lbs. X 2 per second = 550 lb-ft per second,
or 1 HP. IOW, a man might be able to work at the rate of 1 HP, but he
couldn't sustain it for very long. The first 2 steps would probalby do me
in message wrote:
Remember this formula- Torque X RPM = HP
An AC motor runs at a steady RPM, therefore giving a steady HP output. On
most machines this output is generally multiplied through belt, chain or
A DC motor with variable speed will not perform equally, because as you
reduce the RPM you reduce the HP and also lose the armature inertia which is
a factor in the overall equation. If you have a drill press with a 1 hp
motor and you want to change to a DC motor and control the speeds by varying
the motor RPM, then you will need about a 3hp DC motor to acheive the same
sort of performance.
I hear this even from guys in the business who should know better,
e.g., you need twice as much gas engine HP as electric motor HP for
the same job.
In practical terms, this is sometimes true, but not because gas HP
are any different than electric HP. A gas engine can deliver it's
rated HP but it will slow and even stall if loaded much above rated
HP. A gas-powered genset will not deliver 2X rated output even for
a few seconds. It'll stall if a breaker doesn't trip first.
An AC induction motor can deliver considerably more than rated power
for short durations (a couple of minutes) if it can cool down a bit
between such periods.
If loaded to more than 3X to 5X it's rated torque and power, though,
it will slow to the point where torque starts dropping and then
it'll stall. Torque of a DC motor, particularly a series-wound DC
motor, just keeps increasing as speed drops all the way to zero.
The limiting factor is heat, which will build temperature to overheat
level over any sustained period of overload.
The DC motor in a certain electric winch can deliver 1.5 HP for short
periods -- a minute or less. That motor measures 3" dia x 5" long.
So the difference is peak available power vs averaged sustained power.
This, often x some MFF (marketing fudge factor) is "Sears HP".
Maybe they test them while immersed in refrigerated fluorinert with
30-amp breakers on the 115 volt line or something.......
In principle, yes.
A DC motor rating is the continuous *rating*, that is, what it can deliver
for a long time without overheating. It is *not* a measure of the
continuous power *possible*.
A typical DC motor will deliver multiples of its continuous rated
horsepower, if the load and power supply are suitable.
Look at the torque and speed characteristics to verify this.
But of course, that doesn't mean you can operate it that way for anything
but brief periods.
DC motors do have a "gutsy" characteristic compared to AC, and this makes a
DC motor feel more powerful than the equivalently rated AC motor if you
have intermittent excess loading.
On Wed, 15 Feb 2006 13:10:45 -0600, Richard J Kinch
Right. So in practical terms, a job or application that will work
with a 1 HP electric motor might require a 3 HP gas engine to operate
reliably, if the load typically draws 1 HP or less but has short
periods where it draw up to 3 HP.
The situation is similar with DC motors vs induction AC motors. Note,
however, that an AC universal motor can display characteristics
similar to a DC motor, as in most corded portable power tools. Try
to stall a corded 1/2" Milwaukee electric drill!
"> The situation is similar with DC motors vs induction AC motors. Note,
Yep! Got one of those of the "hammer" persuasion. AFAIK, AC universal
motors will still run on DC - I know that originally they were designed to
be, welll, errr, universal.
PS: Bad reminder of the torque capabilities of 1/2 inch drill motors. Once
on the edge of a grain elevator in KS, my boss was drilling a mounting hole
for an antenna. The drill bound up in the hole and the handles (outriggers)
of the drill caught him under the knee and proceeded to pass him on to his
reward - 120 feet below. It was kind of comical as I remember him almost
sitting on the bound-up, revolving, drill motor with each revolution
slapping him on first one leg and then the other. It looked like one of
those ruskie cock-ass dances.
For permanent magnet motors it's also important to limit peak current,
and thus torque, to a level that will not demagnetize the field magnets.
The ratio of instantaneous peak to continuous rated current for a run of
the mill PM motor is usually around 2 or 3:1, and as high as 8:1 for
high performance motors with advanced magnet materials.
I am running my belt grinder on 1.5 HP AC motor and can hardly stall it
I want to upgrade to variable speed motor and wonder if 3/4 HP Baldor
DC motor 90v
will give me the same performance?
Speed control is Speed-a-matic PN2400-8000 (1/4 to 1HP for 115VAC and
1/2 to 2 HP for 230 VAC ) Input 14.5 A max Outpt 10 A max
Motor Baldor# CD3475, 3/4 HP, volts 90A/100/50F, amp 7.8/.6/1.2F, RPM
It will obviously only have about half as much torque (and power)
running at full speed as your 1.5 HP motor does. However, if the
field current is kept constant it will be able to deliver the same
amount of torque at reduced speeds because torque is proportional to
current and the current rating of the motor doesn't change with speed.
The 10 amp limit on the controller will limit maximum torque to about
1.5 X rated torque.
Your present 1.5 HP motor can probably deliver at least 2X it's rated
torque for short periods, and it's rated torque is 2X that of the DC
motor since both deliver rated power at 1725 RPM.
Using the standard formula and allowing 1.5 times peak torque at any given
RPM, if you put that motor on your grinder and then reduce the speed to
1725 RPM, your rating would be about 1/3 HP. Most DC motors are rated at a
higher RPM, about 5-6000, so to get the same belt speeds you will need to
keep the motor at about 30% of its rated speed. If you want higher belt
speeds, then you can crank it up and have almost the same power as your AC
motor, but if you want lower speeds, your best bet is to simply invest a few
dollars and hours into a Jack shaft setup to reduce the speed of your
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