ARM: Review - HobbyBoss 1/35 scale Soviet T-20 Komsomolets tractor

Kit Review: HobbyBoss 1/35 scale Kit No. 83847; Soviet T-20 Armored Tractor
Komsomolets 1938; 339 parts (224 in brown styrene, 105 in tan, styrene, 8
etched brass, 2 clear styrene); retail price US$44.99
Advantages: first new, clean kit of this popular small Soviet gun tractor
Disadvantages: ultra-tiny track links will be very tedious to assemble
Rating: Highly Recommended
Recommendation: for all early war Soviet light artillery units
The Soviets began a massive program of motorization during the 1930s and t
hat flowed into every aspect of their society. Some of it was bought from o
utside and other elements developed internally by NATI - the Scientific Aut
omotive and Tractor Institute - and eventually a suitable item reached frui
tion. In 1936 they developed the ?Pioner? fast tracked trac
tor for agricultural use. But Factory No. 37 then developed two armored var
iants (with an armored cab at the front fitted with a DT machine gun mount)
- B-1 with outward facing seats and B-2 with inward facing ones. The B-1 w
as felt to be superior and was adopted for production under the new name of
T-20 ?Komsomolets? (Young Communist League Member).
Over its five year production run three different models were built: the M
odel 1938 (the version in this kit) had a bolted armored hull, a large ball
mount, rectangular hatches, and other improvements over the first variant.

Production of the Komsomolets eventually numbered 7,780 with assignments t
o all branches of the Red Army with rifle divisions having a complement of
21 each. But they were in the front lines and after 22 June 1941 took huge
numbers of losses, with only about 1,000 left on hand by January 1943.
The Komsomolets weighed about 3,460 kg and was powered by a 50 HP GAZ-M en
gine. Top speed unladed was 50 kph, but when full loaded with crew and towi
ng a gun it could drop as low as 2 kph!
Normal guns used with it (most requiring a limber for ammunition, as there
was little room on the tractor to carry it) would include the 45mm Model 1
932/38 antitank gun, 76mm Model 1910/27/32 regimental gun, or in a pinch th
e 57mm ZIS-2 or 76mm ZIS-3 (which it was not really able to move except on
flat level ground). One version (now also kitted by HobbyBoss) mounted the
57mm ZIS-2 on a pedestal mount as the SU-30 SP antitank gun.
Over 20 years ago a kit was released of the Komsomolets from one of the sm
aller Russian manufacturers but it was truly awful. Nothing fit, nothing wa
s correct, and as Steve Zaloga noted you had to scratchbuild more than 90%
of the model to get to even LOOK like a Komsomolets.
Now HobbyBoss has presented a new mold kit which is very nicely done. But
realize before you open the box this vehicle is TINY - about the size of a
1/72 scale medium tank! It provides the basic Model 1938 kit with no access
ories or interior.
The one bugaboo with this kit is the tracks. Each link is very small ?
?? 5.5 x 2 mm - and with VERY fragile connectors. These would have been
better ?link and length? but that was not an option here.
And you need runs of 84 links per side; at least HobbyBoss gives you 56 ext
Assembly is straightforward: each of the four bogie assemblies consists of
six parts and they simply attached to the lower hull pan. The idlers have
an adjuster which many experienced modeles like to leave loose until the tr
acks are mounted to allow for adjustment and a good fit; happily it is a se
parate part on this kit.
The fenders/hull top and driver?s casemate are single parts with d
etails attached. The machine gun mount is fixed with only a barrel, but as
there is no interior this is not a big deal.
The engine cover is one single piece (J8) but the rear of the hull with th
e radiator/air intake trunking is more involved; there are two different fo
rward bulkheads in the kit but this one calls for part J4. It uses an etche
d brass set of grilles (PE-A1) for the rear.
The rest of the assembly is pretty straightforward. The seats require hing
ing but it appears they are not supposed to work.
Two finishing options are offered: a Soviet one in 4BO green with red star
s on the front and sides of the casemate, and a captured German one with cr
osses and WH in white.
Right now there are a lot of choices for light Soviet limbers, but only IC
M offers the 45mm and 76mm light guns as styrene kits. They are from a numb
er of years ago so cannot comment on availability.
Overall this is another nice addition to the growing number of Soviet prim
e movers and is a nearly done little kit, providing you can deal with the i
tty-bitty track links!
Cookie Sewell
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