ARM: Review - Roden 1/35 scale M37 3/4 ton 4 x 4 US Cargo Truck

Kit Review: Roden 1/35 scale Kit No. 806; M37 US 3/4 Ton 4 x 4 Cargo Truck;
241 parts (225 in grey styrene, 10 clear styrene, 5 black vinyl tires, 1
black nylon string); retail price US$57.99
Advantages: first kit of this vehicle in this scale; one of the most widely
used US trucks of the 1950s and 1960s; choice of several options
Disadvantages: an M37B1 and not an M37 (see text); cannot be made as Canadi
an versions as it comes
Rating: Highly Recommended
Recommendation: for all US and postwar light truck fans
The three most popular and widely used US made vehicles in WWII were the 1
4 Dodge WC series trucks. After WWII ended, the US moved to upgrade and mod
ernize all three which resulted in the M38 series Jeeps, the Reo M35 series
trucks, and the Dodge M37 series trucks.
There were four basic versions to the new truck: the M37 cargo truck, the
M43 ambulance, the M42 command version, and the M56 chassis for special pur
pose vehicles. A fifth model, the XM152 hard body version for special purpo
se use, was not adopted by the US but was later adopted by Canada. Between
1951 and 1968 more than 115,000 were built in the US alone as well as anoth
er 4,600 for Canada split between US and Canadian construction.
The vehicle was widely used as a light support vehicle, shelter platform a
nd personnel carrier by nearly all field forces of the US Army and the US M
arine Corps. While not particularly fast (about 50 mph was all they would d
o) they were sturdy, reliable and could tow more than 3,000 pounds of cargo
over nearly all types of terrain.
There were two basic versions: the M37, the initial production vehicle, an
d the improved M37B1. The main difference between the two initially was the
fact that the M37 carried the spare tire inside the body with a small fold
ing jump seat behind it which could be used if the spare was removed; the M
37B1 had some modifications, but the main one was the use of a folding spar
e tire carrier that fit across the driver?s door. Some were later u
pgraded and one seasoned hand said the original ones could be identified by
the presence of the jump seat in the back. A second latch was mounted insi
de the body for the driver to open the swing-away mount for entry and exit.
Canadian models were quite similar but had a larger engine (251 cid versus
230 cid) and an insulated hard top as standard fittings.
I personally have some attachments to the M37B1 as it was one of the first
tactical vehicles I learned to drive in Vietnam and the fact I could have
been killed in one! I took our trick ?hack? truck one night
? bumper code 509 RR GP - 335 16 - to take some of our guys back t
o the barracks as they were not needed - what we called an ?early d
own?. On the way back to our site I drove by a party with a number
of ARVN soldiers out on a balcony. As I went by one of them apparently deci
ded to see how many shots he could put in the white star on the right door
and opened fire with a carbine. The first round went through the windshield
in front me and two more through the canvas in the rear. I slammed it down
into second gear to get away and...the driveshaft fell off. (Apparently ou
r sterling mechanics had replaced the rear universal joint and not bolted i
t back in correctly.) But then I heard another Vietnamese yell out ?
?You idiot! That?s an American!? (good thing to be a Viet
namese linguist!) and looked out in time to see him take the carbine away f
rom the shooter and smash it across his face. I put the truck in 4 x 4 low
range and crawled back to our site at about 5 mph. Parked the truck and nev
er said a word - but nobody ever asked me what happened either...
There have been two kits of Dodge WC vehicles out - one from Peerless Max
from 1974 and a much more recent one from Skybow (now AFV Club). But this n
ew kit from Roden is the first one of the M37 series. Note that they only o
ffer the US version of the M37B1 with the side door spare tire mount and no
Canadian hardtop ? all canvas.
Roden kits are made in the Ukraine and are much harder to find that others
, but happily my old friend Wes at Hobby Works Bel Air (MD) found a supplie
r and provided me with the review sample. But the kit is worth it and very
nicely done.
While it only builds a US built M37B1, it has many different options. Thes
e include winch or no winch, full canvas tops for the cab and body, open bo
ws for both cab and body, optional position doors and windows, and full eng
ine with optional position hood.
Construction starts with the wheels, front axle and steering gear, but thi
s is fixed. Note that the wheels are the correct ?split rim?
? type but the splits are missing from the rims; these can be added by a
razor saw but take care not to cut too deep. Shocks are nicely done with se
parate mounts.
The engine is a very nice subassembly of 20 parts. The directions appear t
o note that two ?wings? at the rear of the block on the oil
pan (13A) need to be removed before mounting the transmission and transfer
case assembly. Also note that parts 20A and 35A are the power takeoff for
the winch and can be ignored if you are building a ?straight?
? truck.
Steps 12 to17 cover the assembly of the front bumper or bumper with winch.

Step 19 covers the cab interior and the kit provides both all of the lever
s and all of the pedals for the vehicle. (I did not have a winch on 335 16
so cannot tell you which controls to leave off if not using the winch...) P
art 17B is the cowl air vent so can be assembled open or closed as well.
The body assembly starts with Step 20 - the curious part 5C is the bump ov
er the inlet for the gas tank filler neck. The doors are nicely done with e
ach one having six parts - inner/outer halves, window, handles and crank ha
The canvas top (1-2-3C) is well done but no ?roll-up? opti
ons for the front or rear are offered or the sides. There are a lot of deta
ils on the front of the cab as well as the steering assembly so care must b
e taken.
In Step 29 note that the seats may be mounted folded up against the top bo
ws if desired - the seat braces (9D) then hang down from the inner edge of
the seats.
The model comes with three finishing options: unlike other vehicles the bi
ggest thing to remember is that the ENTIRE vehicle is olive drab to include
the engine and transmission components! Choices for markings are: AI 161st
Field Artillery A-35, early Vietnam war; 130th FA Group A35, Vietnam (this
vehicle is with winch); RCAF, Korea, 1953 (registration number 432A52-1094
). A small sheet of decals is included.
Overall I am personally happy to see this kit arrive and will build it up
as the one which nearly caused my demise! Hopefully Roden will follow this
kit with a model of the M43 ?Crackerbox? ambulance or a har
dtop Canadian version.
Cookie Sewell
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