Difference between shaded pole motor and spite phase motor.

Difference between shaded pole motor and spite(single) phase motor.
please try

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On 8/23/07 10:36 AM, in article snipped-for-privacy@q3g2000prf.googlegroups.com, " snipped-for-privacy@gmail.com"

shaded pol another whey to get faze shift.
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Like all single phase induction motors, if you simply energize the coils it will induce currents in the rotor. But currents will lag behind the induced voltage by nearly 90 degrees. So the current in the rotor winding will be such that half the rotor bars have a force on them to turn the shaft clockwise while the other half will have a force to turn the shaft counter-clockwise and there is very little net torque produced to start the shaft turning.
With a split phase motor, you have two sets of windings. The windings are such that they have different inductance values. So the AC current through one set of windings is not in phase with the AC current through the other winding. If you think how the magnetic field of each 'peaks' at a different time, you can think of the magnetic field 'shifting' from one to the other. The currents in the rotor bars induced by the first set of windings to peak (and generate no torque in relation to the first set of winding's magnetic field). But when the magnetic field of the stator 'shifts' to the second position, now the rotor bars carrying current are not exactly balanced on each side of the 'new' magnetic field position. The imbalance of current carrying rotor bars on one side versus the other results in a net torque and the shaft accelerates.
With a shaded pole motor you only have one set of windings. The shorted turn around part of the pole face has a current induced into it (like a transformer). This current creates a magnetic field that opposes the one that induced it. So the magnetic field in that portion of the pole face is initially less than the 'unshaded' portion. When the current in the main winding drops and the magnetic field starts to collapse, a current is again induced into the shorted turn, but this time in the opposite direction and the result is the magnetic field in the shaded portion is maintained slightly longer than the unshaded portion. So what you effectively get is a 'shift' in the magnetic field. When increasing, it is stronger in the 'unshaded' portion, then momentarily equal in both portions and then when it is decreasing it is stronger in the 'shaded' portion. This 'shifting' of the magnetic field has a similar effect as with the split phase motor. The current induced in the rotor bars creates a balanced torque for the magnetic fields 'original' position, but when the magnetic field 'shifts', the currents in the two halves of the rotor bars are no longer balanced and a net torque is produced.
Another way to think of both of these is that by creating a short 'shift' in magnetic field, you get action similar to the constantly rototating magnetic field of a polyphase machine. Just not a complete rotation, just a sort of short 'step' in rotation.
daestrom

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