Note that the original question was from a .co.uk address. Electrical regulations vary greatly in different parts of the world. I'm not an electrician, and I don't know what the regs here in the UK require, but I do know that electrical practice in, for example, the US is very different to it is here. It is unwise to make any assumptions about a country you are unfamiliar with.
For example, over here we do not vave the situation where one phase can be at a different potential from earth (ground) than the other two, we do not have centre tapped supplies with the centre tap at earth potential (other than the centre-tapped 110V supplies used for portable tools on building sites etc., via a transformer. We don't have a number of different Voltages, 120, 208, 240, 277, 440 etc.
On the other hand we do have single phase socket outlets fed from a ring main, which is the reason that it is essential for British 13A plugs to have internal fuses.
It's wise to take care when dealing with unfamiliar systems.