Replacement LED?

Please deduct one point for spelling my name wrong.
No. I thought you said your flashlight was bright and possibly 1 watt. Those are common 5mm LED's with 0.5 watts maximum. These photos look very much like what I would expect to be hiding under what I believe to be a lens of some sorts: This looks a bit closer:
That data sheet is also slightly insane, specifying the luminous flux as: Lumen typ.: 19 mcd Lumens are measured in umm.... lumens, not millicandelas. It is possible to convert between lumens and mcd's using the viewing angle: Anyway, 19 lumens is not very bright but probably good enough for a pocket flashlight.
Reply to
Jeff Liebermann
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And I tried so hard to get the ?Lei/Lie? bit right! (c; 2 steps forward, 1 step back...
One of those images (located here):
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looks exactly like the one in my light. It?s squat, with very (relatively) large yellow die(?) in the center. I don?t think there?s a separate lens. Maybe it?s molded to focus the light (integral lens)? Wish I could find that LED other than @ Alibaba...
Ah-HAH! From that Alibaba image page: ?strawhat LED?. Search turns up similar-looking LEDs. Searching on the terms ?strawhat? and ?dimple? tells me that this form-factor is for radial distribution of the light, not throwing a beam. Which means the flashlight designer wanted the reflector to shape the beam, not the LED.
So I?m looking for one of these types.
Thanks.
(Why are my search skills so crap? Google keeps returning Manga images and cartoon faces...)
Reply to
DaveC
Really, before I got my pick and place machine, I hand-soldered about 25,000 .1uF 0805 capacitors. NEVER ONCE had a bad one. I still hand-solder a fair number of low production boards and prototypes, and have never seen a problem with MLCCs.
Jon
Reply to
Jon Elson
Sorry for the delay but I missed the followups to my comment.
Thermal shock easily cracks MLCC caps. I learned that the hard way while fixing several Apple Mac Mini computahs, which feature a collection of MLCC on the bottom of the main board. The original failure mode was shorted MLCC caps caused by either thermal shock or board flex. The bad ones were easy to find with an ESR meter. However, when I tried to install replacements (and guessing the part value because Apple doesn't supply service information to non-authorized repair shops), I managed to crack and short several known good MLCC caps with a soldering iron. Having learned the lesson, I used some solder paste and a hot air SMT reflow gun to do the soldering. I also pre-heated the PCB and let the caps cool down slowly. I don't know if that was necessary, but it worked every time. I'm told that two solding irons used as a tweezer also works, but I haven't tried that yet.
You'll find some more details under: Lots of articles and guidelines on handling and soldering these caps, some of which warn about using a soldering iron. For example:
6. Soldering with a Solder Iron Attachment by soldering iron is not recommended. A heat shock may cause a crack in the MLCC chip capacitors, however, if solder iron is used, the following precautions should be taken: ... (etc)
Damage Prevention When Soldering Ceramic Chip Capacitors Hand Soldering - A pencil type soldering of 30 watts maximum and with a diameter of 3 mm maximum should be used. - The soldering iron tip temperature should be less than 300C [572F] and maximum contact time should be 5 seconds. - The soldering iron tip should never come in contact with the component body. Ever try to solder a small MLCC cap without touching the body with the soldering iron tip? Good luck.
In order to prevent damage (cracks) to the component that can be caused by localized rapid heating and heat shock, preheat the chip, for example, to prevent it from being subjected to heat shock.
Reply to
Jeff Liebermann
I've heard these stories a number of times. And, yes, maybe some people use insanely hot irons or in some other way cause this problem. And, some really large caps are prone to this damage. But, as I say, I have hand- soldered over 25,000 0805 MLCC caps of modest value without seeing this problem. I use a very good Weller temperature-controlled iron, and run it at a modest temperature. Much better to use an iron with really good thermal conductivity at a lower temperature than one with poor conductivity at a very high temperature.
Jon
Reply to
Jon Elson
Well, I must admit that I didn't take any special precautions. Methinks that the relative humidity in my office runs between 40% and 60% but is not monitored or recorded. Occasionally, it gets low enough to where static electricity becomes a problem, or high enough to where I'm rather uncomfortable, but those are rare. The caps a mix of cut tape and loose bags stored in Ziploc bags (mostly pink anti-static) and in paper coin envelopes. Nothing in hard plastic or metal drawers that might chip or crack them. Although I know that these caps make tolerable hydrometers (and microphones), I don't think they can absorb enough moisture from the air to where a steam explosion would be a problem.
I did some digging to see if humidity might be a problem in storage conditions. There were plenty of notes on how a cracked capacitor might allow water to enter the dielectric. Soft (solder) termination is the recommended fix. Some suggests pre-heating the capacitors before soldering to drive off any moisture. One demands that the caps be used within 12 months. I didn't see humidity as being a problem until AFTER the capacitors had cracked. It would take some time for the moisture to alter the capacitor characteristics. With my hand soldering technique, I managed to instantly produce shorted capacitors, which methinks was more likely due to uneven thermal expansion, than to moisture incursion.
Reply to
Jeff Liebermann
I haven't had any problems with cracking but I used to have problems with end caps falling off. I haven't seen the issue for some time, though perhaps it was a problem with the manufacturer. Our purchasing group prefers Murata, so that's what I use (GRM series).
Reply to
krw
We pre baked some boards and other components before assembly and reflow. That eliminated cracked multilayer SMD capacitors, tombstoning of two lead components and losing end caps. That was in N Central Florida which has plenty of humidity problems. The so called HVAC 'engineers' were clueless about how to control the humidity, so we had to resort to baking. LSI SMD ICs were backed and heat sealed into antistatic bags with moisture adsorbing packets.
Reply to
Michael A. Terrell
Sure, baking humidity sensitive parts is common before pick-n-place. It's a bit less common when hand (de)soldering, though. ;-)
Reply to
krw
We had a high failure rate on hand soldered FIR chips, before we started baking them. The bottom of the packaging was the thinnest, and it would bow out as it released steam during hand soldering. No one in EE or ME believed me, until I finally got them to try it for themselves.
Reply to
Michael A. Terrell

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