Is it possible to build an electricity generator that is driven by the relative rotation between a gyro and earths rotation with their axes being perpendicular? Would it be hard to get enough power to overcome friction and get some surplus power? I guess because it rotates only once per day it would be practical to lift a weight and turn its potential energy into electricity every now and then rather than using a direct generator or a speed up gear.
I thought about mentioning that. But ... say we are at the equator. The gyro's axis initially is vertical and is mounted in a hollow sphere. The sphere's axis is mounted horizontally with a north-south orientation. Now the gyro's axis will remain perpendicular to earth's axis.
Maybe there will be some change of earth's precession, but I'm not worried about that. Hopefully it will not cause major earth quakes or climate changes. Could we choose to either increase or decrease earths precession?
But this means that earths axis will change until it is aligned with the gyro. Certainly a long order process.
Maybe my description was unclear. I'll try again: We are (not necessarily) at the equator. There is a hollow sphere with bearings on the outside so it can rotate with its axis parallell to earths axis. On the inside of the equator of the sphere there are 2 bearings that hold a gyro so it will spin perpendicular to the spheres axis. Now there is no way the gyro can align its axis with earths
*current* axis, whether I extract energy or not.
Now I wonder what dimensions such a generator must have if it is to deliver 10 kW power. Top priority is reliability because the intended purpose is to support a facility that preserves humans at cryogenic temperatures. I guess it will be unpractical because it has too heavy and too many moving parts. Otherwise it would be an interesting option because the facility could be buried and sealed deeply underground. Safe from nukes or casual vandals. The currently best option IMO are solar powered thermoelectric elements.
No. It means the gyro's axis will be altered to match the Earth's. The fly will move.. not (much) the mountain.
Depends on your rate of energy removal. Suffice it to say that if it is on the order of the rate you put energy in to get the gyro up to speed, it'll be on the same order before the gyro puts out no more useful amount of energy.
This cannot be entirely true, if you are going to remove energy from the gyro.
Then you will get no energy out.
Use a moon. Create a tidal generator. Better still orbit Pluto or Charon. Plenty cold there, all the time. Not too many vandals either.
Since these bodies are already dead, what does "safe" mean?
But the gyro will resist to changing its axis and this torque can be used to extract energy. If the axes must align then why shouldn't earths axis change - just a tiny bit?
How would I do that? I don't like using the tides of the sea because I think that's to unreliable. The facility should remain operable even if human maintainance is absent for decades or centuries.
Yep, that might be an option. But the bodies must be protected from cosmic rays and asteroids which would mean heavy armor which makes the trip quite costly. Also maintainence is rather difficult. OTOH I see the average temperature is 50 K so there isn't really a need for maintainence. Landing on Pluto should be feasible once we are there and digging a hole might be possible to protect from rays and asteroids. The density of Pluto is only 1.1 g/cm3.
But then I guess it would probably take quite long until someone came there to revive us.
Cryopreserving a body shouldn't kill. It should preserve the information that makes up the mind so it can be scanned later and emulated in a computer or robot. So asteroids, cosmic rays, heat, vandals, whatever must be prevented from destroying the body/brain.