how tolerant are electric motors to capacitor ratings? (ie, if i change the cap with a different (bigger) one?)
having trouble with an electric motor.. about 2hp (electric winch) and it is having difficulty starting under load. but, once started (with no load) it has alot of lifting power. (i'm not too light and it picked me right up off the floor... only AFTER it started spinning) ... if i load the motor (hold the cable) it just sits there and buzzes... let it go till the cable moves, hold on, and it picks me right up.
so, trying a little experiment, i changed the capacitor. it has ~50uF 400V cap and i put in a ~130uF 230V cap (its all i had around, pulled it off of a drill press)
with the new capacitor it starts fine under load. picks me right up off the ground.
but now, when i switch directions (lowering), the motor makes an AWEFUL sound.
i then put both caps in parallel and starting under load is fine, but more noise. put the caps in series, wont start under load, less (very little) noise.
so... noise and starting torque is related to the size of my capacitor. (i'm guessing thats why its called a capacitor start)
- can i use this motor safely just by changing to a larger capacitor? (which size should i use)
- why does it make that terrible noise? and only in one direction?
- is this a sign that i just need a bigger motor? (even though once started this 2HP is plenty strong?)