Depends- gross weight in most states is 80,000 lbs with 99,000 lbs allowed
by some states on certain roads.
You will need to know the tare weight of the trailer and tractor to find the
load weight. The trucker/trucking company should have that info at their
fingertips. If they don't, find someone else.
Hope you had a good season- here in New York they're expecting a bumper crop
if the snow holds off.
It depends on the specific rig but 40,000 lbs in a covered semi, 44,000
on a flatbed is about the max you should count on. If you push close to
those numbers, the driver will likely have to adjust the rear axle
position in order to avoid getting the individual axles overweight. You
will win firends with the driver if you don't push it close.
Karl Townsend wrote:
Depends on the number of axles the semi has. A typical semi has 5 axles, 3
on the tractor and 2 on the trailer. That combo should allow you to load you
to load 40,000 lbs to 48,000 lbs depending on the empty weight of the truck
and the type of trailer, refer trailers are heavier that flatbed trailers.
Other tractor/trailer combinations up to 8 axles could allow you to load up
to about 65,000 lbs. The laws vary between the states once you get over 5
axles. The thing to remember is that the laws don't govern the weight of the
load, they regulate the maximum weight of the truck when loaded. So a truck
that has a lighter empty weight will be able to haul a heavier load.
You have to work that one out with the driver of the truck when he
arrives - he's the one that gets the ticket if the loading is way off.
IANA Trucker or a Cop, but I can offer general ideas from years of
observation so you can start planning.
There are several limits - If you don't want to get a special
permit, the max is 80,000 pounds gross.
Another limit is the weight of each axle over the scale one at a
time - California has a hard limit of 20,000 pounds per axle on a
straight truck, if the axle and tires are rated for it. For
semi-trucks and trailers, it's 18,000. Steer axle 12,500 max.
And there's an overall limit that slides with overall vehicle length
between axles, meant for spreading or limiting the load on bridges.
Go look at CVC 35550, 35551 at this starting page:
(Most state laws on truck loading and operation are *roughly* the
same by compact - it's the little differences that'll trip you up.)
Even in the fall, you probably want to use a reefer set at 45 - 50F
to make sure the shipment doesn't turn into baked or frozen apples
depending on the destination, so there's the weight of the reefer unit
and fuel to consider.
Put temperature monitors inside the load, so the trucker pays for
the ruined load if he turns off the reefer, seals the vent hatches and
parks it in the sun for a day. Or detours the route through
International Falls MN and freezes them.
The trailer floor has load limits for forklift use so you don't
break the boards, know how much the pallet and forklift weigh - you
might have to load the pallets short and double-stack. And there is
an upper stack height limit on reefers, you have to leave airspace at
the roof for circulation.
And remember to put two stacks of pallets or a safety prop under the
trailer's nose if the tractor isn't hitched, then drop the landing
gear a bit to put weight on them - I wouldn't want to be on the
forklift while the first or second pallet forward of the landing gear
tips the trailer up on it's nose, then the landing gear collapses and
drops you back the other way...
It's bound to be a wild ride - "Here, Hold my beer and Watch This!"
You drive the forklift, I'm going to stand Waaaaay over there -->,
well out of the fallout zone, and film it for AFV... ;-)
--<< Bruce >>--
THe warning is wise. I've seen some odd things just by being a civilian
around trucks. Haven't seen a trailer bronco buck a forklift yet tho. Did
see a truck parked between the lanes east of Flagstaff perpendicular to the
road with absolutely no tracks in the snow nor snow on top of the truck or
trailer. No idea of how he got there but the road was pure black ice and
everybody but one driver westbound was doing 10mph to keep the troubles
Yeppie, Bush is such an idiot that He usually outwits
everybody else. How dumb!
Knowing that Karl is in Minnesota, I'll weigh in on this.
Minnesota has the same weight restrictions. Per axle ratings the same
as well. All roads, unless otherwise marked, can be considered to be 9
ton roads(18,000 lbs).
I can carry around 55,000 lbs, with a 25,000 truck. (scale sheet in
front of me right now I was 24,480 this morning). But I am usually a
little borderline on axle weights when I get loaded that heavy. My
pivot plate isn't far enough forward, so my rear axles carry too much
It will be dependent on your truck configuration. Somewhere between
40,000 and 55,000. I have a pretty light truck(aluminum body, frame,
wheels, non-sleeper). Someone with a full sleeper and a steel frame
may be significantly heavier, so their net weight will be lower.
45,000 with a full load of fuel, chains and a swamper
"A prudent man foresees the difficulties ahead and prepares for them;
the simpleton goes blindly on and suffers the consequences."
- Proverbs 22:3
I got a couple crappy pictures last evening of the apple
truck that goes by the house several times a day:
I count 78 crates/boxes or whatever you guys in the industry
call them now.
If I did my math right and he has the good high pressure
tires on the front end, he is legal for 125,000 lbs gross.
Just guessing at what one of these crates really weighs he
is probably pretty close to the max too. Any idea what one
of these crates/boxes holds and weighs when full of apples?
Michigan has some crazy weight laws. With a full 11 axle rig
like the steel haulers usually run you can legally scale
154,000 lbs gross. The hardest part is getting those heavy
coils spaced out properly on the trailer so all those axles
have the proper max weights.
And then people wonder why Michigan roads are in such poor
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