Amp-turns means amps times turns. So you have to know the number of
You can only get this physically by somehow counting the turns or
estimating the turns by measuring the coil dimensions and then
measuring the gauge of wire used to wind the coil and from that and
the resistance find the length of wire and hence the approximate
number of turns in the coil. However the resistance of copper wire is
notoriously variable and the packing of the wire in the coil plays a
role in accuracy.
How about this: Wind a coil of known turns (n2) over the magnet winding,
apply AC voltage (v1) to the magnet coil, measure the voltage (v2)
appearing across the added winding.
v1 / n1 = v2 / n2
magnet turns = test winding turns * ( applied volts / test winding volts )
Yeah, sort of works. Big problem is the actual coupling to the
electromagnet may not be accurately known. If the electromagnet has an
iron core coupling would be good and if you put an iron "keeper" on it
it would be even better and the method would work well. If it's just a
big fat coil of wire, getting the mutual coupling high will be harder
to do. Still would be a good first approximation. Obviously the most
accurate way is to count the turns when you build the coil (or look
them up in the coil specs if it was commercial)
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