Electric cars

Every time the price of gasoline goes up a penny it costs the US
Postal Service $8 million
formatting link

}
It is my understanding that stop and go driving is what electric cars
do best. I would think the post office would be the best candidate
for electric cars, at least in heavy populated areas.
Reply to
metspitzer
Loading thread data ...
high volume stop starts are energy wasteful, overall efficiency drops rapidly the more an electric vehicle has to stop and start.....electric is best on long straight runs even more so if this includes batteries.
Reply to
pat
But with an electric car you can use the motor as a generator and do regenerative braking converting most of the kinetic energy back to electrical energy in the battery. In a conventional car the kinetic energy is lost as heat in the brakes.
Reply to
bud--
What happens when it goes to 50 Degrees F below zero? I suppose the batteries will have to be heated, and that will cost more than they save.
Reply to
Gerald Newton
That's true of any vehicle, if you have a lot of stops, an electric vehicle should have advantages in that the engine doesn't need to idle while the vehicle is stopped.
Reply to
James Sweet
| | pat wrote: |> high volume stop starts are energy wasteful, overall efficiency drops |> rapidly the more an electric vehicle has to stop and start.....electric is |> best on long straight runs even more so if this includes batteries. |> | | | That's true of any vehicle, if you have a lot of stops, an electric | vehicle should have advantages in that the engine doesn't need to idle | while the vehicle is stopped.
That and the brakes can return most of that energy back to the batteries.
Reply to
phil-news-nospam
In theory, yes, in practice, I don't know how much actually makes it back into the batteries. I suspect dynamic braking is much more effective in long steady braking such as descent down a long hill than in small, low speed stops. I have no data to back this up though and would be curious to see real world measurements.
Reply to
James Sweet
Where does it get to 50 below?
Certainly in most of the populated areas of North America the temperature range would not be an issue.
Reply to
James Sweet
Don't use them at those temperatures.
Reply to
metspitzer
True. But the energy gained is, IMO, somewhat exagerated. In true "stop & go" driving when you want to "stop" you want to STOP and you don't want to screw around with "slowing down" with regenerative braking first. Regeneration would work best on a long downhill stretch (without STOPPING) after a long uphill stretch.
A hybrid has many of the same advantages although unless the power management is somewhat predictive the cells might already be at 100% charge when the regenerative braking is call upon.
** Posted from
formatting link
**
Reply to
John Gilmer
Fairbanks, Alaska it gets 50 below in the winter and has freezing temperatures for six months out of the year. We use electric battery blankets, head bolt and transmission heaters in the winter. It used to cost about $100 a month to plug in a car from October to March, but that cost has risen by about 50 percent. Battery powered cars are out of the question here. The same applies to solar power and wind power. There are about 100,000 people living noth of the 63 meridian that have this problem in Alaska.
Reply to
Gerald Newton
----------------------------
Fairbanks, Alaska it gets 50 below in the winter and has freezing temperatures for six months out of the year. We use electric battery blankets, head bolt and transmission heaters in the winter. It used to cost about $100 a month to plug in a car from October to March, but that cost has risen by about 50 percent. Battery powered cars are out of the question here. The same applies to solar power and wind power. There are about 100,000 people living noth of the 63 meridian that have this problem in Alaska.
----------------
Do you use in hose water heaters? - I have found these to be more effective than the typical block heater in that they set up a natural convection of "hot" water. While having only occasional experience of -50, I remember many -40 days in Alberta, Manitoba and Quebec. Now, on Vancouver Island, it is much balmier so these memories do fade. Through places like Juneau and Ketchican, electric cars would work and as there isn't far that you can drive there-they might do quite well.
Reply to
Don Kelly
That's a pretty tiny minority of the population really, and a special case for sure. With a population of over 300 million, 100k is but a drop in the bucket, and I'll stand by my assertion that for the vast majority of the population, the temperature is not an issue. Obviously not everyone everywhere could get by with an electric vehicle, but the same can be said of any type of vehicle.
Reply to
James Sweet
The only hybrid I have looked at is a Prius. It is rated 48 mpg city, 45 highway - the regenerative braking must be pretty good. The brakes are smaller than they would be on a 'normal' car. If you stop too fast, less energy is captured. (Driving stupidly in a 'normal' car lowers gas mileage too.) On very long descents you can capture more energy than the battery capacity. For that there is a mode that runs the engine for compression braking.
Reply to
bud--
For all the cool technology it contains, I'm afraid I'm just not impressed by the Prius. When I was a kid, my parents had a Mercury Topaz diesel that got 55-60 mpg, and that was 25 years ago. 100 mpg would pique my interest, but 45-50 is old hat, even with current fuel prices it's more economical to drive a conventional car and not have the complexity of two powerplants, batteries, computers, etc. I suspect these things will be a nightmare when they reach 10 or so years old and the batteries are failing.
Reply to
James Sweet
I think there are other northern states where batteries would be a problem including Montana, Minnesota, North Dakota, Michigan and Wisconsin. For these new hybrid cars to be accepted they will have to operate in freezing temperaures of at least 20 degrees F below zero.
Reply to
Gerald Newton
While not Fairbanks, we often get temperatures in the mornings that are -10F. New York isn't known for its cold weather, like some other states, but I wonder how the batteries would fair at -10F in the morning.
daestrom
Reply to
daestrom
Growing up in Michigan, I can attest that it gets colder here in NY. Michigan has the Great Lakes to help moderate the temperatures of any artic air coming down from Canada. International Falls, Minnesota is often in the news as a cold place. And here in New York we see -10F to -20F a few times each winter.
daestrom
Reply to
daestrom
Something like C/2 for every -10C, no? So range gets to be a serious problem in the winter for much of the US. BTW, I lived in NW VT for 15 years. Most years there are a couple of weeks were the lows are in the -20F range and the highs 0F, or below. Not a good place for batteries, though never froze one like my brother in Minneapolis did.
Reply to
krw
How about the numbers for NiMH? I don't think lead-acid is a serious contender for electric cars anymore. If the prices of Li-Ion would drop, performance and range could approach that of gasoline cars.
Reply to
James Sweet

PolyTech Forum website is not affiliated with any of the manufacturers or service providers discussed here. All logos and trade names are the property of their respective owners.