Propane forklift runs rough at idle

I have a Kalmar C50 forklift. It has a impco ca55 carb and impco kb
mixer.
It runs rough at idle.
Here's the description of the problem:
1) Kalmar C50
2) Nissan Engine
3) Impco ca55 carb and impco kb mixer/vaporizer
4) After a day of sitting, it is hard to start
5) Once it starts, it runs rough at idle and often dies when put in
gear without pushing on gas first
6) Generally after I push the gas pedal, it runs strong
7) With gas pedal pushed all the way, if I engage tiltback, the engine
does not die but slows down (proper response).
8) When it starts running rough at idle, it may even die by itself
9) When it starts acting up and run rough, if I press the PRIME button
on the vaporizer, it straightens itself out and runs good for as long
as the prime button is pressed
10) There is proper antifreeze level
11) I tried adjusting idle mixture with idle mixture adjusting screw,
unfortunately result was no different
12) I took out the air filter (which was very dirty), with no change
in idle performance
13) Again, with gas pedal pushed, it hesitates to speed up, but speeds
up and runs very strong.
14) The vaporizer is heating properly with warm antifreeze, with no
frost forming on it.
I am suspecting the vaporizer unit, however I would like to see what
you guys think.
I am specifically interested in a troubleshooting procedure, as
opposed to part swapping. I have a lot of forklifts and want to learn
how to work with propane systems.
I have various pressure gauges that I can hook up.
Any suggestions on where to begin isolating the problem?
Thanks a lot!
Reply to
Ignoramus7467
Loading thread data ...
Gunner, I want to make sure we are on the same page, is the mixer the carburetor, or the vaporizer where the coolant goes?
Reply to
Ignoramus7467
My first guess is a vacuum leak (or poor ignition). Failing that, possibly a problem with the demand regulator
Reply to
clare
+1 on the diaphragm - if it isn't a vacuum leak in the intake the diaphragm on the demand regulator is the most likely problem. When I had my Propane service licence we were taught the diaphragm on a vehicle propane regulator MUST be replaced every 5 years. That was 30 years or more ago, but the design of the things hasn't changed.
Reply to
clare
*
First and foremost, look for vacuum leaks*. That is the usual cause of no response from the idle mixture screw.
Flynn's had a wrecker with a propane conversion, and I drove it a few times, but I never had to work on it. I wish I could tell you more, but I only looked at it. It got lousy mileage, so I never considered any conversions of my own vehicles.
Reply to
Larry Jaques
Good post, mon. Saved for later reference.
The way it looked to me, the regulator takes liquid fuel and converts it to gas, then is adjusted by the vacuum from the intake (like the butterfly in a carb adjusts volume), and the mixer simply moves the propane into the intake airstream (as a carb does with liquid gasoline) for burning. Do I have that right?
Reply to
Larry Jaques
OK, great, that vacuum leak, where would it occur? In the hose or in the diaphragm of the carburetor? Thanks
Reply to
Ignoramus28939
OK, guys, thanks. I am getting rebuild kits for both the Impco Series K vaporizer, as well as the Impco CA55 carburetor.
i
Reply to
Ignoramus28939
Right
Gunner, thanks. I will rebuild both the vaporizer, as well as the carb.
This is actually an older, but very good forklift, it has a very high lift.
i
Reply to
Ignoramus28939
It has a separate fuel shutoff based on engine vacuum, another pancake that is before the vaporizer.
i
Reply to
Ignoramus28939
Anywhere on the engine can cause problems. But the one to the vaporizer is key.
Reply to
Larry Jaques
To: ignoramus7467@NOSPAM.7467.invalid
*
First and foremost, look for vacuum leaks*. That is the usual cause of no response from the idle mixture screw.
Flynn's had a wrecker with a propane conversion, and I drove it a few times, but I never had to work on it. I wish I could tell you more, but I only looked at it. It got lousy mileage, so I never considered any conversions of my own vehicles.
Reply to
Larry Jaques
Good post, mon. Saved for later reference.
The way it looked to me, the regulator takes liquid fuel and converts it to gas, then is adjusted by the vacuum from the intake (like the butterfly in a carb adjusts volume), and the mixer simply moves the propane into the intake airstream (as a carb does with liquid gasoline) for burning. Do I have that right?
Reply to
Larry Jaques
OK, great, that vacuum leak, where would it occur? In the hose or in the diaphragm of the carburetor? Thanks
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Reply to
Ignoramus28939
OK, guys, thanks. I am getting rebuild kits for both the Impco Series K vaporizer, as well as the Impco CA55 carburetor.
i
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Reply to
Ignoramus28939
Right
Gunner, thanks. I will rebuild both the vaporizer, as well as the carb.
This is actually an older, but very good forklift, it has a very high lift.
i
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Reply to
Ignoramus28939
To: snipped-for-privacy@invalid.diversifycomm.com
Pretty much. Some actually have a "choke" which feeds slightly richer fuel/air...most do not but some have a "primer" which will give a shot of propane on key-on or first crank
My Linde/Baker with the VW engine does just that.
Gunner
"At the core of liberalism is the spoiled child, miserable, as all spoiled children are, unsatisfied, demanding, ill-disciplined, despotic and useless. Liberalism is a philosophy of sniveling brats." PJ O'Rourke
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Reply to
Gunner Asch
To: ignoramus28939@NOSPAM.28939.invalid
Some/many forklifts have either an electrical or mechanical fuel shutoff..ie a solenoid..so make sure that its working properly as well. When you turn the key on..it should Click! and pass fuel through it. When you turn the key off..it closes off the fuel to the carb OR vaporizer. Mine has a solenoid because my vacum operated one quite working and after I rebuilt the unit..I left it in line. I dont have to turn off the fuel at the tank when I walk away from it (though I do)
Gunner
"At the core of liberalism is the spoiled child, miserable, as all spoiled children are, unsatisfied, demanding, ill-disciplined, despotic and useless. Liberalism is a philosophy of sniveling brats." PJ O'Rourke
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Reply to
Gunner Asch
It has a separate fuel shutoff based on engine vacuum, another pancake that is before the vaporizer.
i
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Reply to
Ignoramus28939

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