reducing z values to 0

Hi,
I have 3d contour information that I need to convert to 2d.
Does anyone know where I can locate a lisp file or whatever that can reduce
all z values in a file to zero?
Any help gratefully accepted.
Reply to
Moot
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"Moot" a écrit dans le message de news:M1Idb.161804$ snipped-for-privacy@news.xtra.co.nz...
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Reply to
Patrick EMIN
HiHo; Here is what I use; ............................................................................ .......................................... ;;; FLATTEN.LSP version 2k.01, 25-Jun-1999 ;;; ;;; FLATTEN sets the Z-coordinates of these types of objects to 0 ;;; in the World Coordinate System: ;;; "3DFACE" "ARC" "ATTDEF" "CIRCLE" "DIMENSION" ;;; "ELLIPSE" "HATCH" "INSERT" "LINE" "LWPOLYLINE" ;;; "MTEXT" "POINT" "POLYLINE" "SOLID" "TEXT" ;;; ;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------- ;;; copyright 1990-1999 by Mark Middlebrook ;;; Daedalus Consulting ;;; e-mail: snipped-for-privacy@compuserve.com ;;; ;;; Thanks to Vladimir Livshiz for improvements in polyline handling ;;; and the addition of several other object types. ;;; ;;; You are free to distribute FLATTEN.LSP to others so long as you do not ;;; charge for it. ;;; ;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------- ;;; Revision history ;;; v. 2k.0 25-May-1999 First release for AutoCAD 2000. ;;; v. 2k.01 25-Jun-1999 Fixed two globalization bugs ("_World" & "_X") ;;; and revised error handler. ;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------- ;;;*Why Use FLATTEN? ;;; ;;; FLATTENing is useful in at least two situations: ;;; 1) You receive a DXF file created by another CAD program and discover ;;; that all the Z coordinates contain small round-off errors. These ;;; round-off errors can prevent you from object snapping to ;;; intersections and make your life difficult in other ways as well. ;;; 2) In a supposedly 2D drawing, you accidentally create one object with ;;; a Z elevation and end up with a drawing containing objects partly ;;; in and partly outside the Z=0 X-Y plane. As with the round-off ;;; problem, this situation can make object snaps and other procedures ;;; difficult. ;;; ;;; Warning: FLATTEN is not for flattening the custom objects created by ;;; applications such as Autodesk's Architectural Desktop. ADT and similar ;;; programs create "application-defined objects" that only the ;;; application really knows what to do with. FLATTEN has no idea how ;;; to handle application-defined objects, so it leaves them alone. ;;; ;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------- ;;;*How to Use FLATTEN ;;; ;;; This version of FLATTEN works with AutoCAD R12 through 2000. ;;; ;;; To run FLATTEN, load it using AutoCAD's APPLOAD command, or type: ;;; (load "FLATTEN") ;;; at the AutoCAD command prompt. Once you've loaded FLATTEN.LSP, type: ;;; FLATTEN ;;; to run it. FLATTEN will tell you what it's about to do and ask you ;;; to confirm that you really want to flatten objects in the current ;;; drawing. If you choose to proceed, FLATTEN prompts you to select objects ;;; to be flattened (press ENTER to flatten all objects in the drawing). ;;; After you've selected objects and pressed ENTER, FLATTEN goes to work. ;;; It reports the number of objects it flattens and the number left ;;; unflattenened (because they were objects not recognized by FLATTEN; see ;;; the list of supported objects above). ;;; ;;; If you don't like the results, just type U to undo FLATTEN's work. ;;; ;;;----------------------------------------------------------------------- ;;;*Known limitations ;;; 1) FLATTEN doesn't support all of AutoCAD's object types. See above ;;; for a list of the object types that it does work on. ;;; 2) FLATTEN doesn't flatten objects nested inside of blocks. ;;; (You can explode blocks before flattening. Alternatively, you can ;;; WBLOCK block definitions to separate DWG files, run FLATTEN in ;;; each of them, and then use INSERT in the parent drawing to update ;;; the block definitions. Neither of these methods will flatten ;;; existing attributes, though. ;;; 3) FLATTEN flattens objects onto the Z=0 X-Y plane in AutoCAD's ;;; World Coordinate System (WCS). It doesn't currently support ;;; flattening onto other UCS planes. ;;; ;;;=======================================================================
(defun C:FLATTEN (/ tmpucs olderr oldcmd zeroz ss1 ss1len i numchg numnot numno0 ssno0 ename elist etype yorn vrt crz ) (setq tmpucs "$FLATTEN-TEMP$") ;temporary UCS
;;Error handler (setq olderr *error*) (defun *error* (msg) (if (or (= msg "Function cancelled") (= msg "quit / exit abort") ) ;;if user cancelled or program aborted, exit quietly (princ) ;;otherwise report error message (princ (strcat "\nError: " msg)) ) (setq *error* olderr) (if (tblsearch "UCS" tmpucs) (command "._UCS" "_Restore" tmpucs "._UCS" "_Delete" tmpucs) ) (command "._UNDO" "_End") (setvar "CMDECHO" oldcmd) (princ) )
;;Function to change Z coordinate to 0
(defun zeroz (key zelist / oplist nplist) (setq oplist (assoc key zelist) nplist (reverse (append '(0.0) (cdr (reverse oplist)))) zelist (subst nplist oplist zelist) ) (entmod zelist) ) ;;Setup (setq oldcmd (getvar "CMDECHO")) (setvar "CMDECHO" 0) (command "._UNDO" "_Group") (command "._UCS" "_Delete" tmpucs "._UCS" "_Save" tmpucs "._UCS" "_World") ;set World UCS
;;Get input (prompt (strcat "\nFLATTEN sets the Z coordinates of most objects to zero." ) )
(initget "Yes No") (setq yorn (getkword "\nDo you want to continue : ")) (cond ((/= yorn "No") (graphscr) (prompt "\nChoose objects to FLATTEN ") (prompt "[press return to select all objects in the drawing]" ) (setq ss1 (ssget)) (if (null ss1) ;if enter... (setq ss1 (ssget "_X")) ;select all entities in database )
;;*initialize variables (setq ss1len (sslength ss1) ;length of selection set i 0 ;loop counter numchg 0 ;number changed counter numnot 0 ;number not changed counter numno0 0 ;number not changed and Z /= 0 counter ssno0 (ssadd) ;selection set of unchanged entities ) ;setq
;;*do the work (prompt "\nWorking.") (while (< i ss1len) ;while more members in the SS (if (= 0 (rem i 10)) (prompt ".") ) (setq ename (ssname ss1 i) ;entity name elist (entget ename) ;entity data list etype (cdr (assoc 0 elist)) ;entity type )
;;*
Keep track of entities not flattened (if (not (member etype '("3DFACE" "ARC" "ATTDEF" "CIRCLE" "DIMENSION" "ELLIPSE" "HATCH" "INSERT" "LINE" "LWPOLYLINE" "MTEXT" "POINT" "POLYLINE" "SOLID" "TEXT" ) ) ) (progn ;leave others alone (setq numnot (1+ numnot)) (if (/= 0.0 (car (reverse (assoc 10 elist)))) (progn ;add it to special list if Z /= 0 (setq numno0 (1+ numno0)) (ssadd ename ssno0) ) ) ) )
;;Change group 10 Z coordinate to 0 for listed entity types. (if (member etype '("3DFACE" "ARC" "ATTDEF" "CIRCLE" "DIMENSION" "ELLIPSE" "HATCH" "INSERT" "LINE" "MTEXT" "POINT" "POLYLINE" "SOLID" "TEXT" ) ) (setq elist (zeroz 10 elist) ;change entities in list above numchg (1+ numchg) ) )
;;Change group 11 Z coordinate to 0 for listed entity types. (if (member etype '("3DFACE" "ATTDEF" "DIMENSION" "LINE" "TEXT" "SOLID") ) (setq elist (zeroz 11 elist)) )
;;Change groups 12 and 13 Z coordinate to 0 for SOLIDs and 3DFACEs. (if (member etype '("3DFACE" "SOLID")) (progn (setq elist (zeroz 12 elist)) (setq elist (zeroz 13 elist)) ) )
;;Change groups 13, 14, 15, and 16 ;;Z coordinate to 0 for DIMENSIONs. (if (member etype '("DIMENSION")) (progn (setq elist (zeroz 13 elist)) (setq elist (zeroz 14 elist)) (setq elist (zeroz 15 elist)) (setq elist (zeroz 16 elist)) ) )
;;Change each polyline vertex Z coordinate to 0. ;;Code provided by Vladimir Livshiz, 09-Oct-1998 (if (= etype "POLYLINE") (progn (setq vrt ename) (while (not (equal (cdr (assoc 0 (entget vrt))) "SEQEND")) (setq elist (entget (entnext vrt))) (setq crz (cadddr (assoc 10 elist))) (if (/= crz 0) (progn (zeroz 10 elist) (entupd ename) ) ) (setq vrt (cdr (assoc -1 elist))) ) ) )
;;Special handling for LWPOLYLINEs (if (member etype '("LWPOLYLINE")) (progn (setq elist (subst (cons 38 0.0) (assoc 38 elist) elist) numchg (1+ numchg) ) (entmod elist) ) )
(setq i (1+ i)) ;next entity ) (prompt " Done.")
;;Print results (prompt (strcat "\n" (itoa numchg) " object(s) flattened.")) (prompt (strcat "\n" (itoa numnot) " object(s) not flattened.") )
;;If there any entities in ssno0, show them (if (/= 0 numno0) (progn (prompt (strcat " [" (itoa numno0) " with non-zero base points]" ) ) (getstring "\nPress enter to see non-zero unchanged objects... " ) (command "._SELECT" ssno0) (getstring "\nPress enter to unhighlight them... ") (command "") ) ) ) )
(command "._UCS" "_Restore" tmpucs "._UCS" "_Delete" tmpucs) (command "._UNDO" "_End") (setvar "CMDECHO" oldcmd) (setq *error* olderr) (princ) )
(prompt "\nFLATTEN version 2k.01 loaded. Type FLATTEN to run it." ) (princ)
;;;eof
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bestafor

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