There are bilingual signs on provincial highways in designated French-
speaking areas of Ontario (including, oddly, Toronto), also in New
Brunswick, Canada's only officially bilingual province. There are also
bilingual road signs on federal properties, such as airports.
Stop signs in Quιbec read "ARRΚT" - in France they read "STOP".
Thank you for the update, it is now a while since I have worked with
Canadian Servicemen and admitedly my family members were indeed in
French Canada although my own experience was strictly Ottowa and B.C.
= "level crossing" in the UK, but usually called a railroad (or rail/road)
crossing or a grade crossing in both Canada and the USA.
Australia still uses the "RAILWAY CROSSING" crossbuck.
Insulated sections not too disimilar to what was/is required on tram
and to a greater extent trolley bus wiring.
Not to sure what the railway voltage is in Melbourne but is probably a
relatively low 1500 or 3000 volts DC system.
There were examples in the UK. ISTR the Teeside Railless Traction
Board Trolleybusses in the North East crossed one of the electrified
colliery lines at a level crossing.
There has been considerable discussion on this topic in
prompted by problems in Seattle where a new streetcar line crosses
trolleybus wires. San Francisco has streetcar/trolleybus crossings, in
fact they run side by side on Market Street. All their surface streetcar
overhead is compatible with both pantographs and trolley poles. Edmonton,
among other places, has trolleybus wires crossing its Light Rail line.
I guess problems would be more severe if the railway had high voltage AC.
' On Sat, 12 Jan 2008 08:46:58 +0000, Jane Sullivan
Australia still uses the "RAILWAY CROSSING" crossbuck.'
'How on earth do they separate the tramway electricity from the railway
electricity at that Australian level crossing?'
The answer is easy. The trams run on 2 Everyready AA Batteries and the
Trains Run on a Triang P5 12 volt Transformer. God! Do you think we a
primitive here in New Holland and only use Clockwork?
I and no doubt most people who read on here would be aware of it,maybe
some will be aware of the Grand Trunk and its financial problems which
led to it becoming the major constituent of the government owned
Outside of those who have an interest in Railways though I don't
think it was that well known outside of North America.
The CPR by contrast was in Britain well known .It cropped up in
history lessons linked to the cause of keeping Canada within British
influence against US domination,the shipping line was well known in
its own right and in austere post war Britain we looked on enviously
at images of the Coast to Coast Canadian train with its glamorous
stock. I had a wooden a jigsaw with it featured when I was 4.
In the more recent past we have heard Gordon lightfoot on the Radio
occasionally. (Though he actually calls it a railroad in the Trilogy).
Yes, the CPR had excellent publicity. It also prided itself on being a
complete, multi-modal, and world-spanning transportation company, really
the only one that ever existed. It was for example one of the main
competitors of Cunard. For a while it carried the slogan "Canadian
Pacific Spans the World" on its railroad cars. We came to Canada in 1954
on the Empress of Scotland, a very wobbly ship, even in calm waters. We
were astonished at the wonderful Canadian breakfasts served, available
in unlimited quantities. I developed a taste for pancakes and maple
syrup that has if anything grown stronger over the years. ;-) We rode
that glamorous train, The Canadian, from Montreal to Calgary. Wonderful.
We even saw a few steam engines!
But despite the glamour, as a railroad the CPR was merely average.
The CN was formed because "friends of the government" were losing their
shirts. The debts they couldn't pay were transferred to the new railway,
and for decades the CNR had to pay interest on it. The owners of the
Canadian Northern, The Grand Trunk, and other smaller lines, came out of
it very nicely, of course. If expenditure/income ratio before debt
charges is calculated, the CNR was a more efficient railroad than the
CPR through most of its history. It is now one of the Big Three in North
America, along with BNSF and UP. Unlike those two, CN is a true
transcontinental road, linking the Atlantic and the Pacific with the
Gulf of Mexico. The CPR through its acquisition of Delaware and Hudson
and the Soo Line is also a major player, but is more of a regional road.
It moved its corporate headquarters to Calgary, reflecting its mostly
western area of service.
I prefer the solid maroon passenger cars of the CPR, a livery it has
reused on its Royal Canadian tourist train. I also prefer the old green,
black, and gold livery of the CNR, with the maple leaf logo.
It is only in the past 5 years or so that two generations of that
slogan painted on a brick wall have finally faded to illegibility on
the remaining Rail entrance to Southamptons Eastern Docks.
It was in accordance with current practice that I made my 'Americanism'
comment - although rather tongue-in-cheek, especially as I detest the BBC's
current fad of referring to railway stations as train stations.
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